What are the Advantages of using RFID in Cleanrooms

advantages/benefits of using RFID in cleanrooms

Managing cleanrooms in Biotech or High-tech companies, can present various challenges that, if not addressed effectively, can have a significant impact on the company’s finances.

This blog post will help you learn about the challenges, uses of RFID technology and the advantages of using RFID in cleanrooms.

The Unique Challenges of Cleanrooms

Limited Visibility

One of the major challenges involves ensuring strict adherence to the calibration schedule for all test and measurement equipment.

This involves not only ensuring that the equipment is taken out of the cleanroom and sent to Metrology but also that it is returned to the correct location in the cleanroom once calibration is completed.

Further, cleanroom management should be aware that the equipment has been removed, so they are not looking for it inside the cleanroom.

Unfortunately, cleanroom management has limited visibility into this process. On multiple occasions, equipment may be taken out of the cleanroom but not delivered to Metrology in a timely manner.

Calibration may be completed, but the cleanroom may not be informed, resulting in the equipment sitting on a shelf waiting to be returned to the cleanroom.

Stringent Cleanroom Standards

Similarly, cleanroom environments have to be free of particulates and pathogens, and organizations need to adhere to well-defined GMP standards.

Formal requirements and guidelines exist for industries such as food, drug, medical device, and cosmetics manufacturing that require sanitized conditions.

Cleaning standards, such as ISO14644 and Federal Standard 209E, are used in these industries and various cleaning methodologies are employed under strict guidelines, including chemical wipe downs and autoclaving.

However, these cleanroom standards can create challenges when it comes to asset tracking within these areas.

Demanding Use Cases

RF signals can be negatively impacted by metal walls in cleanrooms, as they can cause multi-path reflections. This makes it challenging to accurately read RFID tags on one bench in comparison to a neighboring bench.

Even with high-quality hardware and tags, it is necessary to have adaptive, self-learning software that can automatically adjust the hardware and intelligently exclude cross reads and identify multi-path signals.

This is where AssetPulse’s cleanroom RFID Solutions comes in handy.

RFID Cleanroom Asset Tracking System

AssetPulse offers the best-in-class RFID Cleanroom Asset Tracking System that addresses the several challenges involved in implementing RFID in cleanrooms.

advantages of using RFID in clean rooms

Uses of RFID Technology in Cleanrooms

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology can help solve various challenges in cleanrooms, including:

  • Asset tracking: RFID can be used to track WIP as they move through the cleanroom, ensuring accurate Track and Trace capability.
  • Contamination control: RFID can help prevent contamination by ensuring that only authorized personnel enter the cleanroom. RFID can also track the movement of personnel, ensuring that they follow proper cleanroom protocols and ensuring that the personnel go through the right sequence of locations before entering or re-entering the cleanroom.
  • Temperature and Humidity Monitoring: RFID sensors can monitor the temperature and humidity levels in the cleanroom, ensuring that they remain within the required range.
  • Inventory Management: RFID can help manage inventory levels of critical supplies, such as sterile gloves, masks, and gowns, ensuring that there are always sufficient supplies available.
  • Maintenance Management: RFID can help manage the maintenance and calibration of equipment in the cleanroom, ensuring that they are always in proper working order. It also helps personnel search for the physical location of the equipment, so they can be picked up and sent to Metrology.
  • Once the benches in the Cleanrooms are RFID-enabled, equipment placed on the benches can be automatically captured, to help populate the Device History Records in case of medical device manufacturing.

Advantages of using RFID in Cleanrooms

The use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology in cleanrooms offers several advantages, including:

  • Improved Efficiency: RFID technology can help improve the efficiency of cleanroom operations by reducing the time and effort required to manually track and manage assets, personnel, and inventory. RFID tags can be easily scanned and updated, providing real-time data and reducing the need for manual data entry.
  • Increased Accuracy: RFID tracking provides greater accuracy and reliability than traditional tracking methods. RFID tags can be read from a distance, and multiple tags can be read simultaneously, reducing the risk of errors and improving data accuracy.
  • Enhanced Security: RFID technology can enhance the security of cleanrooms by tracking the movement of personnel and equipment. RFID tags can be used to control access to the cleanroom, ensuring that only authorized personnel are allowed entry.
  • Improved Safety: RFID technology can improve safety in cleanrooms by tracking the location of critical supplies, such as medications, vaccines, and medical devices. This ensures that supplies are always available when needed and reduces the risk of errors or delays.
  • Cost Savings: RFID technology can help reduce costs in cleanrooms by reducing the amount of time and labor required for manual tracking and management. Additionally, RFID technology can help prevent losses due to misplaced or stolen assets, reducing replacement costs.

Overall, the use of RFID technology in cleanrooms can improve operational efficiency, enhance security and safety, and provide cost savings, ultimately improving patient outcomes.

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RFID vs. BLE: Capabilities and Comparison of Asset Tracking Technologies

RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) and BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) are two distinct wireless communication technologies that are used for various applications. RFID is a passive technology that uses radio waves to transmit data between the reader and the tag. The tag is attached to an object and contains a unique identifier that can be read by the reader. BLE, on the other hand, is an active technology that uses low energy Bluetooth to transmit data between devices. BLE is commonly used in wearable devices and smart home devices.

This blog post will help you to learn about the uses of RFID and BLE technology including RFID asset tracking and Bluetooth tracking, RFID vs. BLE key differences and determine which technology is best suited for specific requirements.

Uses of RFID Technology

Inventory Management

RFID technology can be used to track assets and manage inventory in real-time. RFID tags are attached to assets and read by RFID readers to accurately track the location and status of assets in the labs, data centers, manufacturing facilities or warehouses. This enables businesses to have a better understanding of their inventory and avoid stock shortages or excess inventory.

Supply Chain Management

You can use RFID technology to track and manage raw materials and finished goods throughout the entire supply chain, from production to delivery. RFID tracking helps to track work orders and WIP at every stage of the manufacturing process and enables to track the movement of raw materials and products throughout the supply chain. This helps companies to streamline their supply chain process, identify and fix any bottlenecks and improve the overall efficiency and outcome.

Asset Tracking

RFID asset tracking can come in handy to track a wide range of assets including lab equipment, IT assets and tools. It helps businesses to quickly locate the assets for use, calibration and preventive maintenance. RFID helps businesses to complete inventory audits 10x faster, improve asset utilization and improve efficiency. 

Lab Sample/Specimen Tracking

In addition to tracking lab equipment, RFID can also be used in tracking lab samples/specimens that are used in various clinical trials and tests. It helps to get visibility of lab samples through various stages of testing, eliminate diagnostic errors through accurate lab sample tracking, get real-time inventory and improve lab testing process.

Uses of BLE Technology


BLE technology is used in wearable devices, such as smartwatches, fitness trackers, and smart glasses. BLE devices can be paired with smartphones or other devices to transmit data, such as fitness and health data, in real-time. This allows individuals to monitor their health and fitness levels and make more informed decisions about their lifestyle.

Smart Home Devices

BLE technology can be used in smart home devices, such as lighting systems, security systems, and smart thermostats. BLE devices when paired with smartphones or other devices are used to control and monitor the functionality of smart home devices from anywhere, at any time.

In-Store Navigation

BLE technology can be used in in-store navigation to help retailers to improve the shopping experience and increase sales. It helps customers find products and navigate the store. BLE beacons can be placed throughout the store and paired with a customer’s smartphone to provide real-time information and promotions based on their location in the store.


BLE technology enables healthcare providers to monitor their patients’ health and wellness, and make more informed decisions about their care. BLE devices, such as wearable health monitors, can be paired with smartphones or other devices to transmit health data, such as heart rate and sleep patterns, in real-time.

Industrial IoT

BLE technology helps businesses to increase the efficiency of their operations and reduce the risk of equipment failure. Bluetooth device tracking can be used in the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) to monitor and control industrial devices and systems. BLE devices can be paired with smartphones or other devices to monitor and control the functionality of industrial systems, such as production line machinery and HVAC systems.

Asset Tracking

BLE Technology can also be used for asset tracking purposes, as an alternate to RFID asset tracking. Bluetooth tracking is typically used when assets are needed to be tracked in large open areas like open factory floors that may be more than 25,000 sqft in size or in large open yards, which might span several acres.

Comparison of RFID vs. BLE


Since RFID tags don’t have a power source, they rely on RFID scanners to power them. The read distance of the average RFID tag is typically shorter than the read distance of the average BLE tag. There might be variances in specialized RFID and BLE tags, where the RFID tags may be readable at longer distances than Bluetooth tags.

Data Storage

RFID tags have a limited amount of data storage compared to BLE devices. RFID tags typically have a storage capacity of up to several kilobytes, while BLE devices can have storage capacities of up to several megabytes. Because of this, BLE is a better choice for applications such as wearables that require additional data storage.

Power Consumption

Since RFID tags have no power source, they rely on an RFID scanner in close proximity to power them. Batteries power Bluetooth tags and hence have their own power source. Therefore, for applications that require the tag to be working continuously, like in wearable technology, BLE is the better option when compared to RFID.


Both RFID and BLE technology have varying levels of security, depending on the implementation. RFID tags can be encrypted to prevent unauthorized access to the data, while BLE devices can use secure communication protocols to protect against hacking.


RFID and BLE technology can be designed to work with a wide range of other devices, depending on the implementation. RFID readers can be designed to work with multiple types of RFID tags, while BLE devices can be designed to work with other BLE devices and other Bluetooth-enabled devices.


The cost of RFID and BLE technology can vary greatly depending on the implementation and the specific requirements of the application. RFID tags are typically less expensive compared to BLE devices, but BLE devices offer more advanced features and functionality.

RFID vs. BLE: How to Choose the Right Technology

RFID and BLE technology each have their own strengths and weaknesses, and it’s important to understand the trade-offs between the two technologies. When choosing between RFID and BLE technology, it is important to consider the specific requirements of your application. Factors such as read range, data transmission speed, and cost should be taken into account to determine which technology is best suited for your needs.

The cost of RFID and BLE technology can vary greatly depending on the specific requirements of your application. It’s important to conduct a cost vs. benefit analysis to determine the total cost of ownership of each technology and determine which technology is the most cost-effective for your needs.

In conclusion, both technologies have a wide range of applications, from lab equipment tracking, inventory management, tool tracking, lab sample tracking, WIP tracking, and supply chain management to wearables, Bluetooth device tracking and smart home devices. Ultimately, the choice between RFID and BLE technology will come down to a trade-off between cost, performance, and application requirements.

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RFID vs Barcode: Why RFID is better for Asset Tracking

RFID and Barcode are two of the most popular auto-ID technologies used in asset tracking. However, each has advantages and disadvantages of their own. This blog post will help you learn about these systems, their similarities, RFID vs Barcode -key differences, advantages of RFID over Barcode systems and why RFID is better for Asset Tracking.

What is Barcode

Barcode enables data to be represented visually and is readable by machines. Vertical lines of varied width, spacing, and diameter were used to represent data in barcodes. These barcodes can be read by specialized optical scanners known as barcode scanners or barcode readers. There are different types of barcode scanners. These barcodes are usually referred to as linear or one-dimensional (1D). Later, two-dimensional (2D) variations were created utilizing hexagons, dots, rectangles, and other patterns. These are known as 2D barcodes or matrix codes even though they do not actually use bars.

What is QR Code

QR code or quick response code is also a type of barcode. Like barcodes, QR codes contain machine-readable data about the item it is attached to. However, QR code differs from a standard barcode where QR code is two-dimensional and contains data both in the horizontal and vertical directions.

QR codes can hold a lot of information and everyone can generate their own QR code and stick it to their items or products. The advent of smartphones has increased the popularity and usage of QR codes. QR codes can be easily scanned using QR code scanner apps installed on smartphones to access a website, install an app, for payment and so on.

How do Barcodes work

Today, barcodes are almost on everything, be it books or any item you buy. These barcodes are often overlooked in our lives but they contain very vital information that plays a crucial role in various processes in manufacturing, logistics and so on.   

Barcode scanners are used to read barcodes. The scanner emits a laser that picks up the pattern. Some light is absorbed and some is reflected as a specific frequency of laser sweeps across the barcode. Just as computers represent numbers using binary code in the form of digital 1s and 0s, barcodes also work something like this. The black areas in the barcode don’t reflect light and they are perceived as 1s and the white part is recognized by light and thus are perceived as 0s.

Most of the barcodes display a twelve-digit number and here are what the numbers represent.The first number represents the product type usually denoted by 0, 1, 6, 7 or 8. The next five numbers represent the manufacturer’s code. It is a unique code that identifies the manufacturer or distributor of the product. The next 5 numbers present the product code that is unique to the individual product. The final number is a computer check digit that makes sure that the barcode is correctly composed. The barcode system detects the amount of light, which is translated into a set of digits or data. This data can be used to retrieve information  from a database.

What is RFID and How it Works

RFID (Radio Frequency-Identification) is used to track movement of critical assets in manufacturing facilities, laboratories, clean rooms, warehouses, datacenters and yards. RFID tracking helps personnel to instantly and effortlessly locate assets, perform inventory audits, maintain compliance regulations, manage and utilize assets efficiently.

RFID tags communicate with RFID antennas and readers that transmit electromagnetic radio waves to the RFID tags that are in the vicinity. Energy is captured from the radio waves by the RFID tag’s antenna and it generates a current moving towards the RFID chip at the center of the tag powering the integrated circuit (IC). The integrated circuit powers on, controls the energy with information from its memory banks and sends a signal back out through the RFID tag’s antenna.

Similarities between RFID and Barcode

Systems such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and barcodes are used to pack a lot of data into a little space. Speed, labor savings and cost-effectiveness are some of the key advantages of these systems.

Both barcode and RFID systems are used in inventory tracking – collect and store data, and retrieve information using fixed or handheld readers or scanners.

RFID vs Barcode

Barcodes are simple to use but they can be easily copied or faked. RFID is a bit more complex and they are far more secure. However, there are some key benefits (discussed below) that make RFID the preferred choice for asset tracking.

RFID vs Barcode

Line-of-Sight Requirement

Everyone knows that a barcode or QR code has to be completely visible in order to read it accurately with a scanner. Not only does one need line-of-sight, but also ensure that it must be ‘clean’ with no dirt, smudges or scratches on it. This is more so the case, when they are exposed to the outdoors, where the ink can be potentially damaged. This is the reason why barcodes and QR codes are not suitable for use in the Oil and Gas industry and in Construction. 

With RFID, one does not need to have to ‘see’ the tag to be able to read it. As long as they are within the read range of the RFID tag, it will get picked up. Read range of an RFID tag is dependent on several factors including the size of the tag (length of the antenna on the tag), surface material on which the tag is placed, etc.

Multiple Tag Reads at the Same Time

This is a big plus for RFID. In the case of barcode and QR code scans, only one tag can be read at a time. There is no exception to this. But, given that an RFID scanner can issue more than 50 reads a second, multiple RF tags can be ‘activated’ at the same time and will transmit back to the scanner at the same time. So, it could be possible to read dozens of RF tags per minute. This characteristic alone helps reduce RFID inventory audit times by over 85% as compared to barcode/QR codes.

Ability to Write to Tags

RFID tags come with writeable memory where data can be stored about the tag/asset. Further, the data can be encrypted for extra security. There is no such capability for barcodes.

Read from a Distance

Barcodes and QR codes typically need to be scanned within a few inches of the tag. RFID tags, on the other hand, can be read from a distance, anywhere from a few inches to dozens of feet. This characteristic allows RFID tags to be read in real-time with fixed RFID readers around doorways and other portals, automatically detecting whether RFID tagged assets are moving in or out of rooms, for example.


Each asset tracking system has advantages and disadvantages of its own. Thus, it is up to you to choose the best asset tracking technology that suits your business and your work environment. Barcode systems are deployed in small grocery shops for inventory tracking but it would be very expensive for small stores to implement RFID technology.

But, industries such as laboratory, manufacturing, IT, Oil and Gas require a quick, less labor-intensive, more robust and secure asset tracking solution that has more capabilities than barcode systems. So, RFID becomes the preferred choice.

Several AssetPulse customers had formerly used barcodes and QR codes as the Auto-ID technology to automate their scanning activities. Having realized the inefficiencies of this technology, they reached out to AssetPulse for RFID solutions to reap a multi-fold improvement in efficiency and productivity. This efficiency increase has been perceived across all industries and domains including:

  • Lab Equipment / Specimen Tracking
  • Manufacturing Operations
  • Work Order Tracking
  • WIP (Work-In-Progress) Tracking
  • IT Asset Tracking
  • Oil & Gas

RFID Tracking systems provide comprehensive solutions for end-to-end asset tracking in various industries and are deployed more frequently in numerous industries recently. Therefore, the price continues to decline, and the RFID-barcode pricing gap is closing. Having said that, RFID is a better asset tracking system with more capabilities that helps businesses to optimize and automate asset tracking, inventory and audit processes and improve asset utilization. RFID tracking is a secure and yet a cost-effective way for enterprises to streamline business processes, improve productivity and efficiency.

AssetPulse is one of the best RFID solution providers in USA providing best-in-class IoT based asset tracking solutions to numerous government and private organizations including several high-tech campuses, biotech hubs, manufacturing companies in the United States and across the world.

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RFID Frequency Ranges –How to Choose the Right Frequency & Tag

RFID tags are classified by the frequency they are intended to function in. There are four main frequency bands that are assigned to be used in RFID systems, by different government agencies.

RFID Frequency Ranges

RFID frequency ranges are classified as:

  • Low Frequency (LF)
  • High Frequency (HF)
  • Near Field Communication (NFC)
  • Ultra High-Frequency (UHF)

The above RFID frequency ranges were initially confined to non-commercial usage and comprised of frequency ranges called as ISM (Industrial, Scientific and Medical) radio bands. Based on the purpose of the RFID tags, they are designed to work in one of these bands. The frequency is determined by two key elements – the materials of the object to be tagged and the read range that is required.


  • LF Frequency Range – The low frequency range comprises of frequencies ranging from 30 KHz to 300 KHz. However, only 125 KHz or 134 KHz (to be precise 134.2 KHz) are utilized for RFID. This frequency range is used for RFID tags to track animals and it is available for RFID use across the world. The RFID tags used in this frequency range are typically referred to as LF tags.
  • Power Source and Read Range – They utilize near-field inductive coupling to get power and connect with an interrogator. The LF tags function as passive tags and they have a small read range of just a few inches.
  • Transfer Rate and Storage – Among all RFID frequencies, the LF tags have the lowest transfer rate and typically can store only a limited amount of information.
  • Multiple Tag Reading Capability – The LF tags are not equipped with or have limited anti-collision features; thus the simultaneous reading of multiple tags within the interrogation zone is either impossible or extremely difficult.
  • LF Tags Readability and Usage – The Low Frequency (LF) tags are easily read when they are attached to items that contain animal tissues, water, metal, wood and liquids. LF tags are the most widely used tags and they are used for asset tracking, access control, animal tracking, automotive control, healthcare and POS (point-of-sale) applications. LF tags are used the most in automotive industry, especially in vehicle immobilizer systems where the LF tags embedded in the ignition key is used to start the car.


  • HF Frequency Range – The high frequency spectrum comprises of frequencies ranging between 3 MHz and 30 MHz, but there is only one frequency of 13.56 MHz that can be utilized for RFID applications. The frequency is now accessible for RFID applications across the globe with the same power. Tags and interrogators that use 13.56 MHz frequency are typically referred to as the HF tags and HF interrogators.
  • Power Source and Read Range – Similar to LF tags, the High Frequency (HF) tags also utilize near-field inductive coupling to get power and connect with an interrogator. The HF tags function as passive tags and they have a read range of under 3 feet.
  • Transfer Rate and Storage – The HF tags have lesser transfer rate when compared to UHF frequency, but they have the capability to store more data than LF tags. Certain HF tags can store data up to 4K.
  • Multiple Tag Reading Capability – Unlike LF tags, HF tags are equipped with anti-collision capabilities that allows reading several tags simultaneously within the interrogation zone. However, since the read range for HF tags and interrogators are limited, they don’t implement anti-collision which simplifies the process and reduces the cost.   
  • Design and Affordability – HF tag antennas are typically made up of copper, silver or aluminum coil that has three to seven turns. HF tags are very simple to make and they are thin and two-dimensional. The HF tags are less expensive than LF tags because of the simpler antenna design. They are available in various sizes, even less than half-inch in diameter.
  • HF Tags Readability and Usage – The HF tags can be easily read when they are attached to items that contain water, tissues, wood, metal and liquids but can be affected by metal objects that are in the vicinity. Inductive coupling used by High Frequency interrogators utilizes magnetic flux to get power and connect with the tag. Magnetic flux is not directionally oriented but Omni-directional, which means that it evenly covers the entire region around its source and there are no holes in its density. This feature makes HF tags the preferred choice for applications such as smart shelves where the magnetic flux covers the entire shelf so that all the items in the shelf are scanned. Some of the other areas where HF tags are used are in asset tracking, credit cards, smart cards, airline baggage and library books. The lack of restrictions on the usage of HF frequency and the growing popularity of smart cards has enabled HF tags to be the most commonly used tags across the globe.

Near Field Communication (NFC) Tags

  • NFC Frequency Range – NFC tags operate in the high frequency range of the RFID band at 13.56 MHz.
  • Power Source and Read Range – NFC tags function as passive tags and operate without a power supply of their own and communicate using the ISO 14443 type A and B wireless standards. NFC tags provide secure data transmission within a distance of approximately 10 centimeters.
  • Design – NFC tags are designed to store information and transfer a wide range of data types to other NFC enabled devices. They are designed with the basic architecture of RFID tags and contain three components – a tiny microchip or integrated circuit, an antenna and a material or substrate layer to hold all the components together. NFC tags are available in a wide range of shape, size and form factors with a variety of storage capacity and transfer speeds.
  • Usage – NFC tags are ideal for use in access control, transport, consumer electronics, healthcare, payment, information exchange and collection, ticketing applications and coupons.


  • UHF Frequency Range – The ultra-high frequency range comprises of frequencies ranging between 300 MHz to 1,000 MHz, however only two frequencies 433 MHz and 860-960 MHz, can be used for RFID applications. The 433 MHz frequency is used for active tags whereas the 860-960 MHz frequency range is used mostly for passive tags as well as some semi-passive tags. The 860-960 MHz frequency range is generally termed as one frequency, either 900 MHz or 915 MHz. Tags and interrogators within this range are known as UHF tags as well as UHF interrogators.
  • Power Source and Read Range – The semi-passive and passive tags within this frequency range use far-field radiative coupling or backscatter coupling. UHF tags have an approximate read range of 15-20 feet.
  • Multiple Tag Reading Capability – All the protocols in the UHF frequency range have some form of anti-collision ability that allows reading several tags simultaneously within the interrogation zone. The new Gen 2 protocol for UHF tags is designed to read hundreds of tags every second.
  • Design and Affordability – UHF antennas are typically made of copper, silver or aluminum that is deposited in the substratum. Their length of effectiveness is around 6.5 inches, roughly half the wavelength of the 900 MHz radio waves. The optimal length of UHF antennas is one-half of the wavelength of the carrier wave; however, with the right design, the length could be decreased. The UHF antennas are thin and they are simple to make which allows tags to be extremely small, just 100 mM, and pretty much two-dimensional. UHF interrogators are expensive than HF interrogators; however, UHF tags are getting more cost-effective.
  • UHF Tags Readability and Usage – Since water absorbs UHF signals, UHF tags can’t be quickly read when they are being attached to objects with animal tissues and water. The UHF tags, when attached to metal objects, become detuned. Therefore, to improve UHF tag efficiency, it is important to separate UHF tags from objects made of metal or that contain liquid. UHF tags are not readable when water or any other conductive material is put between the tag and interrogator antenna. Radiative coupling that is used by UHF interrogators utilizes radio waves for power and to interface with the tags. Diffraction, reflection and refraction of radio waves provide the multipath effect that allows radio signals to arrive at the receiver through different routes. Signals that come from multiple paths diminish the strength of the original signal. This results in an interrogation zone with diverse signal strength. Sometimes, the UHF tags cannot be read in areas with low signals, which eventually causes random tag readability issues. The UHF antennas are directional that enables you to create an interrogation zone with clearly define boundaries, even though the zone could contain holes. UHF tags, because of the requirements of large corporations to use them within the supply chain, are getting a huge boost. This along with the introduction of Gen 2 protocol have created an enormous momentum in the RFID industry to make UHF tags at a low cost in high quantity.
  • Government Regulations – UHF frequency regulations aren’t similar to the frequency regulations for HF tags. Governments across the globe had allocated UHF frequencies of approximately 900 MHz, which was long before RFID, for applications that were not RFID-related. Therefore, there isn’t a common frequency band of around 900 MHz that can be used for RFID applications. Different countries have different frequency ranges with different allowable maximum powers and duty cycles. To solve this issue, Gen 2 protocol was developed to operate on any frequencies in the 860-960 MHz frequency range and also with various max power levels. Government regulations have split the allowed frequency range into different smaller frequency bands. These smaller bands are called as channels. Countries have different number of channels within their allocated bandwidths. Regulations also require that interrogators don’t make use of one channel all the time, but rather randomly hop between the channels that are available.

The following table displays the RFID frequency ranges by country and the allocated band sizes, maximum power and number of channels assigned.

CountryFrequency (MHz)PowerChannels
North America902-9280.5-4 W EIRPVaried
Europe (302-208)918-9284 W EIRP50
Europe (Lower Band)865-8682 W ERP15
Japan908.5-9144 W EIRP16
Singapore866-869, 923-9252 W ERP20
Korea950-9560.5 W ERP, 2 W ERP10
Australia865-8684 W EIRP12
Argentina, Brazil, Peru902-9282W ERP20
New Zealand864-9294W EIRP50
RFID Frequency Ranges by Country

How AssetPulse’s RFID Tracking Solutions help you to efficiently track equipment you need only occasionally

How do you store & find excess equipment, molds, jigs & test equipment you need only occasionally?

RFID Tracking Solutions can be great for offsite storage tracking and fast retrieval. Here are the implementations and advantages we have seen:

Real Estate 100x Variance

R&D labs, clean rooms and manufacturing real estate can be 10x to 100x more expensive than offsite storage. These facilities optimize space usage and tend to remove any equipment not routinely needed.

Reasons why Companies store Equipment Offsite

  1. Companies that do repeated custom work need to quickly identify molds and equipment that is in storage.
  2. Companies that tend to do backward compatibility testing need a quick way to retrieve test and reference equipment.
  3. Different SKUs in R&D and manufacturing need different equipment and need to switch out equipment on their benches quickly and efficiently.
RFID tracking solutions
Photo by Dmitriy Suponnikov on Unsplash

AssetPulse RFID Tracking Solutions for Efficient Storage and Quick Retrieval of Lab Equipment

How AssetPulse RFID Solutions helped a large Biotech Company handle storage efficiently.


  1. 30+ lab managers in 20+ buildings with need to exchange equipment between labs/cleanrooms & storage.
  2. 500+ pallets with thousands of equipment. Labs were assigned pallets they could manage and store.
  3. Offsite storage was laid out like a warehouse & run by warehouse managers.


  • Warehouse managers didn’t want to take responsibility for what was inside the pallet or train lab managers in any manner.
  • Lab managers could order pallets and they managed what went into it.
  • Warehouse tracking was done at the pallet level – they were only responsible for efficient storage and fast retrieval of pallets.
  • Warehouse wanted to add temporary staff who didn’t need extensive training to help in storage or retrieval or operations.
  • Layout had to be designed to optimize the height and volume of the building, while enabling quick retrieval.
  • AssetPulse developed the software and mechanism to enable the whole process.


  • Require minimal to no training for lab managers and warehouse personnel.
  • Provide Integrated views for lab Managers on pallets location & contents.
  • Provide an integrated view for warehouse on check-in and check-out, and other tracking aspects.
  • Have a quick way to dynamically find empty spaces and fill them with pallets. Much like how cars are stored in a multistorey garage.
  • Generate alerts if wrong location is used.
  • No Manual Entry should be required – use handheld readers, antennas, fixed readers, tags.
  • Add redundancy to minimize and eliminate loss.
  • Photo evidence where possible on pallet’s status on check-in/checkout.
  • Attach images of device and pallets for easy identification.

The above is our largest implementation. We have done several projects where stored equipment is in the same building needing only handheld reader, software and tags.

AssetPulse doesn’t manufacture any hardware – this enables us to source the best combination for our customers.

We develop the world’s best RFID Tracking Solutions.

AssetPulse’s RFID Tracking Solutions ensure efficient storage and fast retrieval of lab equipment from any where at any time!

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